Alternative dispute resolution (ADR) proceedings are a popular means of resolving conflicts between parties outside of the traditional justice system. Traditional litigation, which is time-consuming and complex, very often is not a practical solution for disputes. ADR proceedings such as mediation and arbitration, offer less procedural overhead, may provide faster resolution to the dispute, and have a higher degree of confidentiality than litigation. They also allow the parties to choose arbitrators that are specialized and better suited to deal with the issues at hand. Moreover, the decision-making process encourages open participation (under the guidance of the arbitrators) by all the parties to achieve a more equitable result. Thus, both arbitration and mediation are widely employed to resolve disputes and negotiate matters.